Chart 10044

James Brownlee, born c1760
and Janet Davidson in Coltness Mill, Wishaw

James Brownlee was born c1760 and lived at Coltness Mill, (PHOTO) near Wishaw, Scotland, and was married on 1 January 1786 in Cambusnethan to Janet Davidson, also from Cambusnethan Parish

They had Issue:

1. Alexander Brownlee is thought to have died in Ireland.

2. Janet Brownlee was born about 1794 in Cambusnethan, Lanarkshire, Scotland. She died on 25 September 1886 in 124 Muir Street, Dalziel, Lanarkshire. She partnered with Daniel Baillie (did not appear to have married him) and on 12 May 1814 had a daughter named Stuart Baillie (who is later recorded as Stuart Baillie Dalziel). She met and married John Dalziel some time after the birth of Stuart. John Dalziel was born about 1776 in Cambusnethan. Stuart married James Black, son of James Black and Janet Young but there is more information to come on this family.

3. Reverend John Brownlee, (PHOTO) born 1 May 1791 near Wishaw Scotland.  Died at King Williams Town 21 December 1871.  Married Catherine de Jager (PHOTO) of Huguenot[i] descent. John Brownlee was also a keen gardener and botanist, and had an orchid named after him - Brownleea Orchidaceae[11].

They had Issue:

1. Hon. Charles Pacalt Brownlee, (PHOTO) born 1821 at Tyhume, died 17 August 1890.  Married Frances Thomson on 14 July 1852 at the original mission church at Lovedale.  She was the daughter of Rev. William Ritchie Thomson and Miss Roger of Glenrock, Scotland.  They came out from Ayrshire to join John Brownlee with his mission work.  Frances was nicknamed "Nontisimbi" meaning beads, because she wore necklaces.

They had Issue:

1. James Thomas Smith Brownlee was born 18 August 1853.  Married Georgina Steytler, who died August 1889 without issue.

2.  William Thomson Brownlee was born 12 July 1855.  Married Anne Shaw, the daughter of a missionary who came with the 1820 settlers.  William died 1932.  He was Chief Magistrate of the Transkei.

They had Issue:

1. Frances Brownlee, Married John Francis Purcell.

They had Issue:

1. John Francis Brownlee Purcell.

2. Joan Purcell.

3. Edward Stephen Patrick Purcell.

4. Anne Purcell.

William Thomson Brownlee and Anne Shaw also had:

2.  Annis Shaw Brownlee, Married Reginald Douglas Harold Barry.

They had Issue:

1. Douglas William Archibald Barry.

2. Charles Joseph van der Heyde Barry

3. Hamilton Brownlee Barry.

William Thomson Brownlee and Anne Shaw also had:

3. Constance de Jager Brownlee, Married Charles Douglas.  No Issue.

4. Agnes Georgina Brownlee, Married Charles Fisher.  No Issue.

5. Dr. Charles Brownlee, Married Flora Hamilton Rennie.  No Issue.

6. William Thomson Brownlee, born at Butterworth, Transkei on 23 May 1899, died 1967.  He served in the Royal Flying Corps in England 1914-1918.  He later joined the Natal Sugar Estates but due to the Depression in 1930, moved to the Transkei and was messenger of the Court until his death.  During the Second World War, William Thomson joined the services and saw action in the West African Theatre of War.  He was taken prisoner at Tobruk and interned in Italy and later in Germany.  William married Doris Mary Oldfield in 1929 at Durban, Natal, in R.S.A.

They had Issue:

1. Maryanne Frances Brownlee[iii], born Durban 3 February 1931.  Married Brian Edgar Jackson at Tsolo South Africa on 25 October 1952.

They had Issue:

1. David Edgar Jackson, born 3 October 1952 at Bulawayo, Zimbabwe (then Southern Rhodesia).  Married Marina Sebborn at Bulawayo 14 June 1979.

2. Bruce William Jackson, born 24 July 1956 at Bulawayo, Zimbabwe (then Southern Rhodesia).  Married Jean Scott at Bulawayo 3 January 1980.

They had Issue:

1. Michael William Jackson, born 2 November 1983 at Pietermaritzburg, Natal, R.S.A.

Maryanne Frances Brownlee and Brian Edgar Jackson also had:

2. Juliet Mary Jackson, born 21 April 1958 At Bulawayo, Zimbabwe (then Southern Rhodesia).  Married Peter Michael Perkins at Bulawayo 30 June 1978.

They had Issue:

1. Mark David Perkins, born 9 August 1980 at Bulawayo Zimbabwe.

2. Andrew Michael Perkins, born 18 January 1983 at Durban, R.S.A.

William Thomson Brownlee and Doris Mary Oldfield also had:

2. William Thomson Brownlee was born Durban, Natal R.S.A. 27 April 1932.  Married Gail Venske at Umtata Transkei in 1956.

They had Issue:

1. Jillian Gail Frances Brownlee, born 14 March 1957 at Butterworth, Transkei.  Married Johan Terblanche in 1976 at East London, R.S.A.

They had Issue:

1. Karen Terblanche, born 4 August 1977 at East London, R.S.A.

2. Gregory Terblanche, born 5 August 1980 at East London, R.S.A.

William Thomson and Gail Venske also had:

2. William Thomson Brownlee married to Felicity (unknown).

3. Susan Brownlee, Married Robin Wade.

They had Issue:

1. Richard Wade.

2. Crystal Wade.

William Thomson Brownlee and Anne Shaw also had:

7. James Alexander Shaw Brownlee married Edna Daisy Hargreaves.

They had Issue:

1. Margaret "Nomse" Brownlee.

2. Charles Brownlee.

Charles Pacalt Brownlee and Frances Thomson also had:

3. Catherine Isabel Brownlee born 23 March 1858. "Cassie" married Reverend John Davidson Don (she died 1897).

They had Issue:

1. Agnes Don.

2. Alexander Don.

3. Mary Isabel Don.

4. Jean Dorothy Don.

Charles Pacalt Brownlee and Frances Thomson also had:

4. Dr. John Innes Brownlee, born 20 (Should date be 2nd - see Agnes Francis Brownlee below?) April 1862.  "Uncle Jack" Married Blanche Augusta Stevens.  (He died 1943.) (Family Photo)

They had Issue:

1. Eric Brownlee.

2. Arthur Brownlee.

3. John "Jock" Thompson Innes Brownlee Born (?) Married Elizabeth Maria Bosman

They had Issue:

1. John William Innes Brownlee born 2 August 1928 Agricultural research officer involved for 30 years in cattle breeding in Zimbabwe (now retired 1991) married Margaret Mary Fitzgerald from Ireland.

They had Issue:

1. Elizabeth Mary Brownlee born (?).

2. John Charles Innes Brownlee born (?) died (?) 1978 (Killed in Action).

Dr John Innes Brownlee and Blanche Augusta Stevens also had:

4. Nerene Brownlee. (see Chart 10039)

5. Frances Brownlee.

Charles Pacalt Brownlee and Frances Thomson also had:

5. Agnes Frances Brownlee, born 2 (Should date be 20th - see Dr John Innes Brownlee above?) April 1862.  Agnes died a spinster in 1889.

6. Hannah Maria Brownlee, born 5 December 1863.  "Pansy" Married Richard William Rose-Innes. 

They had Issue:

1. Gilbert Rose-Innes.

2. Madge Rose-Innes.

3. Richard Rose-Innes.

4. Kathleen Rose-Innes.

5. James Rose-Innes.

6. Hugh Rose-Innes.

Charles Pacalt Brownlee and Frances Thomson also had:

7. Alexander Duff Brownlee, born 5 February 1865, died 1890/92 unmarried.

8. Charles de Jager Brownlee, born 5 October 1868, died February 1870.

9. Hugh Roger Brownlee, born 20 August 1870, died 1941 unmarried.

10. Ross Somerset Brownlee, born 15 December 1871, died 1941 unmarried.

11. Frank Harold Brownlee (PHOTO), born 2 August 1876, died June 1952.  Married Susannah Maria Carter Hobson, 7 October 1907.  Susannah was born 20 May 1883 and died 3 December 1964.

They had Issue:

1. Frank Harold de Jager Brownlee[iv] was born 10 August 1909 and married Patricia (?) born (?).

They had issue:

1. Susan Brownlee born (?)

2. (?) Brownlee born (?)

3. (?) Brownlee born (?)

Frank Harold Brownlee and Susannah Maria Carter Hobson also had:

2. Helen Brownlee, born 13 July 1912 and married (?) Chamberlain born (?).

They had issue:

1. Philip Chamberlain born (?).

2. Frank David Chamberlain born (?).

3. Elizabeth Chamberlain born (?).

Frank Harold Brownlee and Susannah Maria Carter Hobson also had:

3. John Brownlee died in infancy.

4. Noel Desiree Brownlee (PHOTO 1) (PHOTO 2), born 29 December 1921 and married John Erskine MacIntyre born (?).

They had issue:

1. Andrew MacIntyre born 15 October 1947

2. Jessica Jean MacIntyre born 14 August 1949 and married Johan Lombard born (?)

They had issue:

1. George Lombard born (?). Lives in America.

2. Vincent Lombard born (?). Lives in America.

3. Jean Lombard born (?). Lives in America.

4. Ian Lombard born (?). Lives in America.

5. Grant Lombard born (?). Lives in America.

Noel Desiree Brownlee and John Erskine MacIntyre also had:

3. Marcia Earle MacIntyre (twin) born 9 June 1951 and married Roy Dennis Tolfts born (?). Living in Twickenham, England.

They had issue:

1. Antony Roy Tolfts born 15 June 1978 and married Jacqueline (?) born (?) in Sri Lanka. Currently living in Glenwood, a suburb of Sydney Australia.

2. Robert David Tolfts born 24 April 1981 lives in Haddenham, near Cambridge, England.

Noel Desiree Brownlee and John Erskine MacIntyre also had:

4. Duncan Earle MacIntyre (twin) born 9 June 1951.

Duncan Earle MacIntyre had issue firstly:

1. Maylee MacIntyre born (?)

Duncan Earle MacIntyre married Patricia (?) born (?).

They had issue:

1. Andrew MacIntyre born (?).

Rev. John Brownlee and Catherine de Jager also had:

2. James Brownlee, mistaken for his brother Charles, was killed by a warring group of natives. James married Maria Hockley and (he ?) died 1889.

They had Issue:

1. Catherine Elizabeth Brownlee married William Walker. Catherine was born soon after her father James was killed.

They had Issue:

1. William Brownlee (known as Brownlee) Walker. He came up to Southern Rhodesia in 1895. His first wife Connie Meikle died while giving birth to twin boys, neither whom survived. Brownlee's second wife was Gladys Rose Warner who had come the Rhodesia from England as a governess.

William Brownlee Walker and Gladys Rose Warner had issue:

1. Charles Francis Brownlee (known as Brownlee) Walker born 12 April 1913 died 1969. Charles was also always called 'Brownlee'. Brownlee married Ann Gertrude McCall in 1942 and they lived on a farm near Bulawayo which William Brownlee Walker had purchased in 1910.

They had issue:

1. Mary Ann Brownlee Walker born 3 August 1943 Bulawayo, Rhodesia. Mary Ann was married to (Retired) Group Capt Richard William John Sykes born 31 August 1943 at Gatooma, Rhodesia.

They have issue:

1. Catheryn Elizabeth Brownlee Sykes born 12 October 1971 at Gwelo, Rhodesia. Catheryn was married to William Douglas Robertson and they are now living in Brisbane, Australia (as at September 2010).

They have issue:

1. Joshua James Brownlee Robertson born 4 October 1999 at Harare, Zimbabwe

2. Daniel Alexander Robertson born 8 September 2001 Melbourne, Australia

3. Arianne Amy Grace Robertson born 17 June 2004 Melbourne, Australia

Mary Ann Brownlee Walker and Richard William John Sykes also had:

2. William Norman Brownlee Sykes born 2 February 1973 at Gwelo, Rhodesia. Lives in Harare, Zimbabwe (as at September 2010).

3. Jonathan Richard Brownlee Sykes born 23 December 1976 at Salisbury, Rhodesia. Lives in Harare, Zimbabwe (as at September 2010).

4. Christopher Francis Brownlee Sykes born 18 May 1978 at Salisbury, Rhodesia. Christopher was married to Janine Laetitia Field.

They have issue:

1. Tristan Andrew Sykes born 10 July 2008 at London, England.

Charles Francis Brownlee and Ann Gertrude McCall also had:

2. Anthony Ross Brownlee Walker born 25 February 1945 at Bulawayo, Rhodesia. Anthony is married and has several children and grandchildren and also live in Zimbabwe, their families are scattered in other countries.

3. Gail Frances Brownlee Walker born 1 April 1949 Bulawayo, Rhodesia. Gail is married and has several children and grandchildren and also live in Zimbabwe, their families are scattered in other countries.

William Brownlee Walker and Gladys Rose Warner also had:

2. Ross Brownlee Walker.

Catherine Elizabeth Brownlee and William Walker also had:

2. John Mortimer Brownlee Walker was born 19 December 1881 in Grahamstown, South Africa. Married Margaret Doris Hodson born 20.5.1886 in Barnet, England.

They had Issue:

1. Elizabeth Brownlee Walker[v] born 22 August 1917 at Umtali, Zimbabwe. Married Brendan Brennan born 22 March 1928 in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

They had Issue:

1. Michael Brendan Brennan born 8.5.1961 in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. Married (unknown).

They had Issue:

1. Kevin Michael Brennan born 29 October 1989 in South Africa.

Rev. John Brownlee and Catherine de Jager also had:

3. John Brownlee born 30 June 1839 at King William’s Town. Later he travelled to Australia and died 15 June 1905 in Sydney Australia. He is buried at Rookwood Cemetery in the Presbyterian Section 6D Part 3 Row 21 Grave 6982[vi].

4. Agnes Brownlee, born 1868 and died 1889 a spinster.

5. Margaret Brownlee married Richard Ross.  No Issue.

6.  Catherine Brownlee died a spinster.

7. Janet Brownlee married Thomas Cumming.

They had Issue:

1. William Cumming.

2. John Cumming.

3. Charles Arthur Cumming.

4. A daughter who married.

5. Andrew Cumming.

Rev. John Brownlee and Catherine de Jager also had:

8. Agnes Brownlee married Thomas Cumming after Janet died.

They had Issue:

1. Jessie Cumming.

2. Agnes Cumming.

3. Ethel Cumming.

4. Allan Cumming.

Rev. John Brownlee and Catherine de Jager also had:

9. Anna Brownlee, born blind and did not marry.


Information supplied by

1. Maryanne Frances Brownlee Jackson, 69 Windermere Road, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.

2. Frank Harold de Jager Brownlee, Private Bag X9001, East London, R.S.A.

3. Elizabeth Brownlee Brennan, 8 Vintcent Avenue, Bullawayo, Zimbabwe, Africa, telephone: 75434.

4. Ian Edward Brownlee, 78 Stuarts Road, Katoomba NSW 2780 Australia ian@brownlee.com.au

5. Robert David Tolfts rob_tolfts@hotmail.com per email to Ian Edward Brownlee 26 November 2007

6. Mary Ann Brownlee Sykes, 88 Harare Drive, PO Chisipite, Harare, Zimbabwe maryann.sykes@googlemail.com email to Ian Brownlee 10 September 2010.

[i] In the 16th and 17th centuries, the name of Huguenots came to apply to members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France, or historically as the French Calvinists.

Origin of the name: Used originally as a term of derision, the derivation of the name Huguenot remains uncertain. It may have been based on the name Besançon Hugues, or a French corruption of the German word Eidgenosse, meaning a Swiss person - Geneva, Switzerland was John Calvin's adopted home and the center of the Calvinist movement. In Geneva, Hugues was the leader of the "Confederate Party," so called because it favored an alliance between the city-state of Geneva and the Swiss Confederation. This theory of origin has support from the fact that the label Huguenot was first applied in France to those conspirators (all of them aristocratic members of the Reformed Church) involved in the Amboise plot of 1560: a foiled attempt to usurp power in France from the influential House of Guise, a move which would have had the side-effect of fostering relations with the Swiss. Thus, Hugues plus eidgenot becomes Huguenot, with the intention of associating the Protestant cause with some very unpopular politics.

Another theory is offered by O.I.A. Roche who writes in his book, The Days of the Upright, A History of the Huguenots that "Huguenot" is a combination of a Flemish and a German word. In the Flemish corner of France, Bible students who gathered in each other's houses to study secretly were called Huis Genooten, or 'house fellows,' while on the Swiss and German borders they were termed Eid Genossen, or 'oath fellows,' that is, persons bound to each other by an oath. Gallicized into 'Huguenot,' often used deprecatingly, the word became, during two and a half centuries of terror and triumph, a badge of enduring honor and courage."

Early history and beliefs: Huguenot predecessors included the pro-reform and Gallican Roman Catholics, like Jacques Lefevre. Later, Huguenots followed the Lutheran movement, and finally, Calvinism. They shared John Calvin's fierce reformation beliefs, which decried the priesthood, sacraments and doctrines of the Roman Catholic Church. They believed in salvation as an act of God as much as in creation as an act of God, and thus that only God's predestined mercy toward the elect made them fit for salvation. Some see this dual emphasis on creation and on salvation, and God's sovereignty over both, as a cornerstone principle for Huguenot developments in architecture and textiles and other merchandise.

Above all, Huguenots became known for their fiery criticisms of worship as performed in the Roman Catholic Church, in particular the focus on ritual and what seemed an obsession with death and the dead. They believed the ritual, images, saints, pilgrimages, prayers, and hierarchy of the Catholic Church did not help anyone toward redemption. They saw Christian faith as something to be expressed in a strict and godly life, in obedience to Biblical laws, out of gratitude for God's mercy. Like other Protestants of the time, they felt that the Roman church needed radical cleansing of its impurities, and that the Pope represented a worldly kingdom, which sat in mocking tyranny over the things of God, and was ultimately doomed. Rhetoric like this became more fierce as events unfolded, and stirred up the hostility of the Catholic establishment.

Huguenots faced periodic persecution from the outset of the Reformation; but Francis I (reigned 1515–1547) initially protected them from Parliamentary measures designed for their extermination. The Affair of the Placards of 1534 changed the king's posture toward them: he stepped away from restraining persecution of the movement. Still, Huguenot numbers grew rapidly between 1555 and 1562, chiefly amongst the nobles and city-dwellers. During this time, their opponents first dubbed the Protestants Huguenots; but they called themselves reformés, "Reformed". They organized their first national synod in 1558, in Paris. By 1562, they had a total membership estimated at least a million, especially numerous in the southern and central parts of the country. The Huguenots in France likely peaked in number at approximately two million, compared to approximately sixteen million Catholics during the same period.

Violently opposed to the Catholic Church, the Huguenots attacked images, monasticism, and church buildings. Most of the cities in which the Huguenots gained a hold saw iconoclast attacks, in which altars and images in churches, and sometimes the buildings themselves were torn down. Bourges, Montauban and Orleans suffered particularly.

Wars of religion: In reaction to the growing Huguenot influence, and the aforementioned excesses of Protestant zeal, Catholic violence against them grew, at the same time that concessions and edicts of toleration became more liberal. In 1561, the Edict of Orléans, for example, declared an end to the persecution; and the Edict of Saint-Germain recognized them for the first time (January 17, 1562); but these measures disguised the growing strain of relations between Protestant and Catholic. These bonds of peace became the knots of war; when violence unleashed them, the divisions became all the more irreconcilable. 

Tensions led to eight civil wars, interrupted by periods of relative calm, between 1562 and 1598. With each break in peace, the Huguenots' trust in the Catholic throne diminished, and the violence became more severe, and Protestant demands became more grand, until a lasting cessation of open hostility finally occurred in 1598. The wars gradually took on a dynastic character, developing into an extended feud between the Houses of Bourbon and Guise, which — in addition to holding rival religious views — both staked a claim to the French throne. The crown, occupied by the House of Valois, generally supported the Catholic side, but on occasion switched over to the Protestant cause when politically expedient.

The French Wars of Religion began with a massacre at Wassy on March 1, 1562, in which at least 30 (some sympathetic sources say 1000 or more) Huguenots were killed, and about 200 were wounded. The Huguenots transformed themselves into a definitive political movement thereafter. Protestant preachers rallied a considerable army and a formidable cavalry, which came under the leadership of Admiral Gaspard de Coligny. Henry of Navarre and the House of Bourbon allied themselves to the Huguenots, adding wealth and holdings to the Protestant strength, which at its height grew to sixty fortified cities, and posed a serious threat to the Catholic crown and Paris over the next three decades.

In what became known as the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre of 24 August – 17 September 1572, Catholics killed many Huguenots in Paris; similar massacres took place in other towns in the weeks following, with an estimated total death toll of 70,000. An amnesty granted in 1573 protected the perpetrators. The fifth holy war against the Huguenots began on February 23, 1574, and conflict continued periodically until 1598, when Henry of Navarre, having converted to Catholicism and become King of France as Henry IV, issued the Edict of Nantes, which granted the Protestants equality with Catholics under the throne, and a degree of religious and political freedom within their domains. The Edict simultaneously protected Catholic interests by discouraging the founding of new Protestant churches in the Catholic-controlled regions.

Note the difficulty of the French vocabulary of the day, depending on the point of view. Protestants considered themselves to practice a "reformed" religion (religion réformée) — which of course implied that the Catholic religion was in need of reforms. In opposition, Catholics, when talking in polite terms, called the Protestant religion the "allegedly reformed religion" (religion prétendue réformée, or RPR) — with an obvious pejorative undertone of "pretense".

Flight: Under King Louis XIV (reigned 1643–1715), chief minister Cardinal Mazarin, who held real power during the king's minority up to his death in 1661, resumed persecution of the Protestants using soldiers to inflict dragonnades that made life so intolerable that many fled. The king revoked the "irrevocable" Edict of Nantes in 1685 and declared Protestantism illegal with the Edict of Fontainebleau. After this, huge numbers of Huguenots (with estimates ranging from 200,000 to 500,000) fled to surrounding Protestant countries: England, Ireland, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Norway, Denmark and Prussia — whose Calvinist Great Elector Frederick William welcomed them to help rebuild his war-ravaged and under populated country.

On December 31, 1687 a band of Huguenots set sail from France to the colony at the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Individual Huguenots settled at the Cape of Good Hope from as early as 1671 and an organized, large-scale emigration of Huguenots to the Cape of Good Hope took place during 1688 and 1689. Many of these settlers chose as their home an area called Franschhoek, Dutch for French Corner, in the present day Western Cape province of South Africa. A large monument to commemorate the arrival of the Huguenots in South Africa was inaugurated on 7 April 1948 at Franschhoek. Many of the farms in the Western Cape province in South Africa still bear French names and there are many families, today mostly Afrikaans speaking, whose surnames bear witness to their French Huguenot ancestry. Examples of these are Joubert, du Toit, de Villiers, Theron, du Plessis and Labuschagne amongst others, which are all common surnames in present day South Africa.

Barred from settling in New France, many Huguenots moved instead to the 13 colonies of Great Britain in North America, the first in 1624 (in 1924 a commemorative half dollar, known as the Huguenot-Walloon Half Dollar, was coined in the United States to celebrate the 300th anniversary of this settlement), among them a silversmith called Apollos Rivoire, who would later anglicize his name to Paul Revere. He would, still later, give his name and his profession to his son, Paul Revere, the famous United States revolutionary. Huguenot immigrants founded New Paltz, New York, where is now located the oldest street in America with the original stone houses, New Rochelle, New York (named after the town of La Rochelle in France), and a neighborhood in New York City's borough of Staten Island was named "Huguenot" after them.

Some of the settlers chose the Virginia Colony, and formed communities in present-day Chesterfield County and Powhatan County just west of Richmond, Virginia, where their descendents continue to reside. The Huguenot Memorial Bridge across the James River was named in their honor, as were many local features including several schools.

Many Huguenots also settled in the area around the current site of Charleston, South Carolina. In 1685, Rev. Elie Prioleau from the town of Pons in France settled in what was then called Charlestown. He became pastor of the first Huguenot church in North America in that city. That church is the oldest continuously active Huguenot congregation in the United States today.

An estimated 50,000 Huguenots fled to Britain. A leading Huguenot theologian and writer who led the exiled community in London, Andre Lortie (or Andrew Lortie), became known for articulating Huguenot criticism of the Holy See and transubstantiation.

Huguenot refugees flocked to Shoreditch, London in large numbers. They established a major weaving industry in and around Spitalfields (see Petticoat Lane and the Tenterground), and in Wandsworth. The Old Truman Brewery, then known as the Black Eagle Brewery, appeared in 1724. Huguenot refugees fled Tours, France virtually wiping out the great silk mills they had built. Many Huguenots settled in Ireland during the Plantations of Ireland. Some of them fought against the troops of Louis XIV in the Williamite war in Ireland, for which they were rewarded with land grants and titles. Some of them took their skills to Ulster and assisted in the founding of the Irish linen industry.

The exodus of Huguenots from France created a kind of brain drain from which the kingdom would not fully recover for years. The French crown's refusal to allow Protestants to settle in New France was a factor behind that colony's slow population growth, which ultimately led to its conquest by the British. By the time of the French and Indian War, there may have been more people of French ancestry living in Britain's American colonies than there were in New France.

A third of American Presidents have some proven Huguenot ancestry, as do Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and other leading statesmen, and (according to an oft-repeated belief) one quarter or more of all Englishmen.

Frederick the Great of Prussia, a strong believer in religious tolerance, invited Huguenots to settle in his realms, and a number of their descendents rose to positions of prominence in Prussia. The last Prime Minister of the (East) German Democratic Republic, Lothar de Maiziere, was a scion of a Huguenot family.

Persecution of Protestants ended in 1764, and the French Revolution of 1789 finally made them full-fledged citizens.


[ii] Maryanne Frances Brownlee Jackson, 69 Windermere Road, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.

[iii] Brownleea (Orchidaceae): named for the English botanist Rev. John Brownlee (1791-1871), who was a gardener, theologian and missionary in South Africa. http://www.calflora.net/southafrica/plantnames.html

[iv] Frank Harold de Jager Brownlee, Private Bag X9001, East London, RSA.

[v] Elizabeth Brownlee Brennan, 8 Vintcent Avenue, Bullawayo, Zimbabwe, Africa. telephone: 75434.

[vi] There is a possibility that John may have known James Brownlee born 1846 (Chart 10004). There was an unknown John Brownlee who appeared in the Electoral Rolls in the latter part of 19th Century.

On 6 August 1822 in Dalziel a James Brownlee was married to Margaret Davidson (see James Brounlie and Margaret Davidson (Frame 261) Banns of Marriage ref 639/0020 0065 - Scotland's People).